here to view EXCLUSIVE FullyInvolvedFire.com Content
Explosive Blast Animation
FIRST RESPONDER AWARENESS
Version 1, December 2008,
August Vernon firstname.lastname@example.org
Post-blast (or post-detonation) response takes
place after an explosion has occurred. An explosives
event has the potential to overwhelm first responders
due to the large number of victims, fatalities
and property destruction.
DISPATCH AND RESPONSE PHASE
• When responding get all the dispatch information
available. Nature of the call and location are
• Standard guidelines against the use of
cell phones and radios may not be applicable.
There will be an overriding need for a rapid,
coordinated response. If possible do not use radios
within 150 feet of the blast site and use other
resources such as runners in the "hot zone".
ARRIVAL ON SCENE
• Proceed with extreme caution for your
• Slow down when approaching the area and
conduct a 360-degree scan during your scene-size
up or "windshield survey".
• Look for objects and people that seem
out of place for the location or time of the call
- if it looks suspicious it probably is.
• Use Staging Area to limit number of responders
- don't stack up responders and resources in one
• Law enforcement should immediately disperse
any crowds and establish an outer security perimeter.
• Avoid entering blast areas (Hot Zone)
unless it is necessary to save lives.
• ALWAYS BE AWARE OF SECONDARY DEVICES!
APPROACHING THE AREA
• Rapidly implement the Incident Command
• Establish hazard Control Zones around
the incident (Hot, Warm, Cold).
• Always have an escape route open to leave
the scene quickly if needed.
• All responders should wear all available
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
• Trained bomb technicians and explosive
canines should search for secondary explosive
devices during and after the response.
• Appropriate agencies – Fire, EMS,
Law Enforcement, specialized bomb personnel, Emergency
Management, and hospitals should be notified as
soon as possible if there is a report of an incident
or possible incident.
• BE VERY CAUTIOUS OF ANY ITEMS
THAT AROUSE YOUR CURIOSITY!
• Law Enforcement will
need to prioritize force protection resources
around areas of critical operations and the scene.
• An explosives incident has the potential
for large number of victims with very traumatic
• Searching the beyond immediate scene for
victims unable to call for help. This may be especially
needed in a dense urban environment, where persons
injured in upper stories of building were injured/affected
(directly by the attack or elderly suffering a
• Some seriously injured victims may have
no visible wounds and some victims may be beyond
• Quickly remove victims from the area and
render aid in a secure location. Triage must be
conducted outside the hazard area. The use of
SKEDS, litters or backboards is recommended.
• EMS may need to implement disaster procedures
such as triage tags, casualty collection points
and field treatment areas for minor injuries.
• Implement local mass-casualty/mass-fatality
• Triage will be conducted twice, once at
the blast scene and again at the hospital.
• Expect numerous types of injuries from
traumatic injuries, blast pressure or internal
injuries, burns and shrapnel.
• Responders must immediately monitor for
other hazards such as chemical agents, gases or
• If a vehicle or structural fire is involved,
Fire should conduct a rapid knockdown while considering
• Be aware of secondary hazards such as
unstable structures, damaged utilities, hanging
debris, void spaces and other physical hazards.
• Consider the need for other assets such
as Urban Search and Rescue, Hazardous Materials
Teams, Incident Management Teams, etc.
• Be aware of the possibility
of secondary devices and attacks. This type of
event has targeted responders.
CRIME SCENE CONSIDERATIONS
• Establish as large a crime scene perimeter
as possible as rule of thumb for the perimeter
is to extend the perimeter 50% from the farthest
piece of evidence located.
• Plan on an intensive media response.
• Make immediate notifications of local,
state and federal resources.
• Plan on an extensive, multi-day crime
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO APPROACH, MOVE, HANDLE
OR DISARM A CONFIRMED OR SUSPECTED IED; THIS IS
A JOB FOR SPECIALLY TRAINED PERSONNEL.
Response sheet is for training and informational
purposes only. Please utilize local guidelines
Version 1, December 2008
FAIR USE NOTICE
This BULLETIN may contain copyrighted material
that was not specifically authorized by the copyright
owner. EMR-ISAC personnel believe this constitutes
“fair use” of copyrighted material
as provided for in section 107 of the U.S. Copyright
Law. If you wish to use copyrighted material
contained within this document for your own purposes
that go beyond “fair use,” you must
obtain permission from the copyright owner.
DHS and the FBI encourage recipients of this
document to report information concerning suspicious
or criminal activity to DHS and/or the FBI. The
DHS National Operation Center (NOC) can be reached
by telephone at 202-282-9685 or by e-mail at NOC.Fusion@dhs.gov.
The FBI regional phone numbers can be found online
For information affecting the private sector
and critical infrastructure, contact the National
Infrastructure Coordinating Center (NICC), a sub-element
of the NOC. The NICC can be reached by telephone
at 202-282-9201 or by e-mail at NICC@dhs.gov.
When available, each report submitted should include
the date, time, location, type of activity, number
of people and type of equipment used for the activity,
the name of the submitting company or organization,
and a designated point of contact.
Update your subscriptions, modify your password
or e-mail address, or stop subscriptions at any
time on your Subscriber
Preferences Page. You will need to use your
e-mail address to log in. If you have questions
or problems with the subscription service, please
Policy | GovDelivery is providing this information
on behalf of U.S. Department of Homeland Security,
and may not use the information for any other
Copyright© 2008. FullyInvolvedFire.com.
All rights reserved.